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What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is gum disease and it's subdivided as gingivitis and periodontitis depending on the condition of gum. Gingivitis is not a serious case when inflammation is only on the gum, which is soft tissue, so recovery is easy. However, when inflammation spreads into the gum and also around the bone, it's periodontitis. If you don't get any treatment, the bone supporting gum and teeth will be destroyed and you'll eventually lose your teeth.


The Cause of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is related with age. 50% of adults over 20 years old have it, and 75% for those who over 35 years old.

When it comes with over 40 years old, 80-90% of them suffer from the disease.

The direct reason causing periodontal disease is plaque that consistently forms on teeth.

Plaque is sticky and colorless. If it stays on teeth for a long time, it gets hard and finally becomes tartar.

Plaque and tartar make space between teeth and gum then periodontal pocket takes the space.

When inflammation gets worse, it makes the space bigger and destroys alveolar bone and periodontal ligament.

After all, you need to get your tooth pulled out. Shortage of protein or vitamin, hormone disorder with pregnancy or diabetes and smoking make it worse.


Treatment for Periodontal Disease

The basic of treatment is to remove bacterial plaque and tartar clearly so that germs can't reproduce themselves. Oral dosage isn't very helpful, so you can use gargle liquid with chlorhexidine. Or put special medicine between your gum and teeth, and use antibiotic to get rid of special germs on gum.

  • 01

    Scaling/Deep Cleaning

    This is how to remove tartar, the main reason for gum disease. Tartar can't be removed by brushing so you need to visit dental clinic on regular schedule. It's a rumor that scaling makes teeth weak and cold. Also, it's incorrect that you need to get scaling almost every day after first times.

  • 02

    Subgingival Curettage

    It is for progressed gum disease. After scaling and local anesthesia, tartar and inflammation around tooth root is removed with a small dental treatment instrument.

  • 03

    Flap Operation

    When gum disease approached to a serious level, this surgery is needed. The process is making an incision on gum to see tooth and its root clearly, removing bacterial tartar then suturing it. Root bone could be trimmed or artificial bone could be transplanted, if it's needed.